Samoyeds: Fluffy, friendly dogs bred for Siberian cold. Perpetual smile prevents drool from freezing. Smart, adaptable, guard reindeer, move heavy loads. White, cream, biscuit colors. Daily brushing, exercise, attention needed.
These pups were bred by the Chukchi people of northeastern Asia to move light loads over long distances at moderate speeds.
The regal Borzoi: hunted with nobility, targeted in revolution. Survived abroad. Elegant, sight-driven hunters. Need fenced yard, exercise. Great family dogs.
Russian Black Terrier: Created post-revolution. Guarded borders and prisons. Retired officers popularized them. Large, calm, protective. Lawn guardians now.
Caucasian Shepherd: Originated in Caucasus, guard dogs. Soviet prison breed. Fearless, fierce to strangers, devoted to family. Two types: mountain and steppe. Also called Caucasian Ovcharkas.
Russian Toy: Lively lap dogs, smart. Tragic history, began with English imports. Almost wiped out in revolution. Restored breed, smooth and long coat varieties.
Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka: Playful, friendly, hypoallergenic. Gifted by King Louis IV. Near extinction under USSR. Restored after 1991. Recognized in 1997.
Sulimov: Fox-like, rare jackal-dog hybrid. Aeroflot's security dogs. Exceptional sniffers for explosives, drugs, and illness detection. Worked on COVID scent detection.
Russian Spaniel: Gun dog, scare and retrieve birds. Descendants of English spaniels. Easy-to-train family pets. Compact size, black and white. Popular companions in Russia.
Yakutian Laika: Siberian working breed, active and affectionate. Loyal, sweet, and gentle. Medium-high energy level. Great with children. Love outdoor activities and snuggling on the couch.